Starting in the’80s, the universities, especially those located abroad, have started a process of exploitation of research through a commitment to “transfer” the knowledge to businesses and territories. This process has been reflected in the commercial exploitation of inventions made in laboratories and university research centers, the creation of business incubators and science parks and the promotion of academic spin offs.

Transfer of technology and skills is an important means to enhance and disseminate the objectives and results of scientific research.

The Technology Transfer is now considered the primary means to achieve and maintain a competitive position both within the domestic market and in the international.

The Technology Transfer has the following aims:

  • reduce the duplication of research lines;

  • initiate and strengthen relationships with the systematic production and economic fabric of the local level to disseminate the results of programs and research universities;

  • promote appropriate forms of cooperation with the entrepreneurs with a view to settling the issues related to the technology transfer and support of spin-off

Technology transfer is a process using technology, expertise, know-how or facilities for purposes not originally intended by the development. The transfer of technology implies that a technology developed for one sector is then used in a completely different area. The transfer of such technologies and know-how “is not an easy task and the process has a heavy personal network.